Monday, June 21, 2010
Monday, June 21, 2010
This continues a previous blog. You might want to look for these places on one of my favorite historical maps.
ORIGIN OF THE NAMES OF THE PRINCIPAL BUILDINGS, STREETS, &c. IN LONDON AND WESTMINSTER, FROM STOW, SPEED, MAITLAND, &c.
Clifford's Inn was a house granted by Edward II. to the family of Cliffords, and afterwards leased, and then sold to the students of the law.
Covent (i. e. Convent) Garden, was formerly a Garden belonging to the Abbot and Convent of Westminster. It was granted in 1552 to John, Earl of Bedford.
Cripple-Gate was built before the Conquest, and took its name from the cripples who used to beg there. It was repaired in 1633.
Crutched Friars took its name from a monastery of the Holy Cross, suppressed by Henry VIII.
Fleet Ditch, was formerly called the River, or Fleet; being navigable for merchant ships as far as Holborn-bridge.
Goodman's fields were in Stow's time, the fields and farm of one Goodman.
Gracechurch - street, formerly Grasschurchstreet, was so called from grass or herbs sold there.
Gray's-Inn was a house belonging to the Grays of Wilton, who resided there from 1315, till the reign of Edward III., when they demised it to the students of the law.
Hicks's Hall was erected for a Session House in 1612, by Sir Baptist Hicks, a mercer.
Holborn was formerly a village called Oldbourne, from a stream which broke out near the place where the bars now stand, and ran down the street to Old-bourne-bridge, and so into the river of Fleet, now Fleet-ditch. This was long ago stopped up at the head, and in other places. Holborn was first paved in 1535.
The Spirit of the public journals for the year 1825: being an impartial selection of the most exquisite essays and jeux d'esprits and tales of humour, prose and verse, with explanatory notes, Volume 3. Authors George Cruikshank, Robert Cruikshank. Printed for James Ridgway, 1826.
Above left: General view of Covent Garden looking north, circa 1720, from an engraving by Sutton Nicholls. Courtesy Library of Congress Washington, D.C. 20540 USA
Below right: House of Commons, from The Microcosm of London, illustrated by Pugin and Rowlandson.